The objectives of the International Safety Management (ISM) code (ISM inspections) are to ensure safety at sea, prevention of human injury or loss of life and avoidance of damage to the environment and property.
It is essential that certification is up-to-date and valid. All necessary documents and manuals should be approved and on-board.
ISM inspections-The following points should be borne in mind
– Gangway and moorings to be in good condition and clean.
– Visitor log to be maintained and access control to be in place – restricted areas should be controlled.
– Appearance of gangway watch, officers and crew should clearly be visible.
– Appearance of accommodation and outside decks should be clean, tidy and well illuminated.
ISM inspections- The effectiveness of System Management to be carried as per following guidelines
– The Master’s reviews are to be carried out as required and relevant identified action items are to be addressed.
– Internal audits are to be held as per the management system.
– Reports of external audits are to be made available on board.
– Procedures for reporting non – conformities, accidents, incidents and near misses.
– Required corrective and preventive actions are to be carried out and verified for satisfactory implementation.
ISM Inspections-Ensuring that personnel are competent, qualified, medically fit, well rested and fully familiar with their duties and responsibilities is a key aspect of an effective safety management system.
– The number of personnel should meet the requirements of the Minimum Safe Manning certificates.
– Up-to-date crew list should be made available.
– Standards of Training, Certification & Watch keeping (STCW) certification should be available for all personnel.
– Medical certificates should be available for all personnel.
– Crew members should receive familiarization and other required training.
– The Ship Security Officer (SSO) should be trained and certified in accordance with STCW requirements.
– All personnel should be able to communicate effectively in the working language of the ship.
– The Master’s responsibility and authority should be clearly defined, documented and understood.
Poor maintenance of the ship and equipment is the most common ISM deficiency found by Port State Control.
– Inspection and preventive maintenance of all equipment, machinery and structures should be carried out as required by the Management System.
– All lifesaving equipment & Fire Fighting equipment should be in good working condition and ready for immediate use.
– Sufficient spare parts should be available in accordance with the requirements of the management system for the safe operation of the vessel.
All sea farers should be fully familiar with their duties and responsibilities in an emergency situation and all emergency equipment should be well maintained and ready to use.
– Contingency plans / Procedures should be available for all potential emergency situations.
– All personnel should be familiar with alarm signals, muster station and their duties in case of an emergency.
– Drills and exercises should be held and documented.
Procedures, plans and instructions should be established and implemented for all key ship board operations concerning the safety of the personnel, ship and protection of the environment.